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Posts Tagged ‘censorship’

… and moved into Hong Kong.

I haven’t posted anything for a while, but while I still get a little trickle of views I thought I’d finally follow up on something I covered a while back.  I’ve been following the Google China news and as of yesterday, Google officially left its China offices and redirected google.cn to a simplified-character version of google.com.hk.  The theory was that since Hong Kong has uncensored Internet, they would be able to provide uncensored search from their Hong Kong servers.  That is, until they get blocked, and they apparently already have — at least selectively.

News hype has been pretty big up to this point, and there was a popular response: a group of Chinese netizens put up an open letter (Chinese) to the government asking to have a say in the case (English translation here).  Anyway, this topic is already being discussed everywhere, so here’s a few links I’ve rounded up on the matter:

Anyone in mainland China reading this, have you had any issues with Google in the mainland so far?  If so, I’d love to hear about it.

UPDATE: ChinaSMACK has some translated netizen reactions from various Chinese forums.

UPDATE 2: The BBC has a short write up on some anti-Google Chinese reactions, slightly unclear though.  Also, Han Han (韩寒, a famous Chinese writer and blogger) has something about it in his latest post:

事实上,无论谷歌是做这个决定的真正原因是什么,在展现给公众的说法上,谷歌有一个失策,谷歌说,他不想再接受敏感内容的审核了。注意,这里说的敏感内容 其实不是指情色内容, , , 这里所谓的敏感内容只是指不利于政府利益的内容。但是所谓的开放所有审查结果,现实的中国人有多少人在乎呢?这在正常的国家可以感动国人的理由,在中国看似不太管用。

Actually, it doesn’t matter what the real reason for Google’s decision is.  According to the theory that is coming out publicly, Google made a miscalculation, they no longer want to have to censor senitive content.  Note, “sensitive content” is not a reference to pornographic content…  This so-called “sensitive content” is content that does not benifit the government’s interest. But as to this so-called opening-up of all these censored results, how many real Chinese people care?  In an ordinary country this could move the reason of that countries people, but in China it doesn’t seem to be very effective.

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Yesterday Google put up a blog post (via Jason Morrison) mentioning cyber attacks originating in China that appeared to be targeting human rights activists.  Since entering China, Google has been in a precarious position of balancing the Chinese government’s insistance on censored results with their own mission to make information free and available to everyone.  It is a little surprising though, to see their conclusion here:

These attacks and the surveillance they have uncovered–combined with the attempts over the past year to further limit free speech on the web–have led us to conclude that we should review the feasibility of our business operations in China. We have decided we are no longer willing to continue censoring our results on Google.cn, and so over the next few weeks we will be discussing with the Chinese government the basis on which we could operate an unfiltered search engine within the law, if at all. We recognize that this may well mean having to shut down Google.cn, and potentially our offices in China.

I don’t pretend to know what Google means by this, whether they are seriously considering shutting down their China offices or just trying to draw attention to China’s censorship policies.  Cyber attacks can come from anywhere, and pulling out of China will not make Chinese cyber attacks go away, whether they really are government attacks or just nationalist Chinese vigilantes.  In any case, I’m sure it will get some of the authorities going.  ChinaSMACK poster Python seemed just as confused and skeptical about the issue (note: go to that post to get some translated Chinese reactions to the news):

The reasons provided by Google for the closing of their Chinese offices are rather vague if not unpersuasive.

  • Yes, cyber attacks exist in China and some originated from this country, but Google is not the only victim and even its major opponent Baidu recently got DNS hijacked by the so-called “Iranian Cyber Army”.
  • Second, isn’t it Google’s responsibility to utilize all its technical might to protect users’, including human rights activists’, privacy? Saying “we will retreat because some of our users’ email account were monitored” is like admitting their own disadvantage in technical strength and persuading users to switch to other companies.
  • Third, I fail to see why compromise of some users’ computers due to their own lack of sense in internet security is a fault of Google itself: anyone using ANY email system could be hacked if the user acts like a security newbie, and it doesn’t matter where the login portal pages are hosted (I remember Google doesn’t have a data center in China).

Anyway, we’ll see whether this leads to any real policy changes on Google’s part.  The ChinaSMACK article linked above recently updated with a translation of a Sina blog post (original Chinese here) calling Google’s announcement “psychological warfare”, and I’m inclined to agree, considering that the announcement itself said that this information was shared partly to contribute to “much bigger global debate about freedom of speech.”  If that’s the case, let’s hope someone gets the message.

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Danwei translates from book planner Zhen Yufei’s Sina microblog:

Famous Chinese science fiction author Liu Cixin — remember, he’s a science fiction writer. A science fiction writer writes science fiction. When we sent this author’s work to the publisher for review and approval, they rejected it. The reason they gave for rejecting it was that China no longer existed in the world he depicted in the novel!

Danwei got the message through a blogger named Pan Haitian, who added his own remark under the title “Harmonious Society, Harmonious Society.” I’ll see if I can do it justice:

大刘还是不够成熟呀,看看我,奥运前写过一篇一万年后的北京,奥运场馆都已经被浣熊和狒狒占领,四环路变成森林狼和麋鹿的乐园,但是,伟大的北京人民通过全息摄影依然坚持活在鸟巢里,他们载歌载舞,高呼亚克西,让前来考察的外星人深感震惊,谁都不敢乱说乱动。这就没问题了,一点都没被审查。

Big Liu is not mature enough.  Look at me.  Before the Olympic games I wrote about Beijing in 10,000 years.  The Olympic venues have been occupied by raccoons and baboons.  The Fourth Ring Road has become a paradise for the timberwolves and elk, but the great [me: not sure on this next part] Beijing People’s Communications and News Hologram continues live in the Bird’s Nest, singing, dancing, shouting that Asia will overcome the West [me: I assume there are people in the holograms doing this].  The first aliens who come here to study are deeply shocked, and no one dare make irresponsible remarks or actions. This was no problem, and has not been investigated.

So, one way people can get banned in China: write science fiction where China doesn’t exist.  (Granted, 2012 destroyed China along with most of the rest of the world and it made it in.)

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So, just as the Internet has had a major democratization globally, China steps in with another ham-handed attempt at restricting it.  Authorities in China have banned individuals from registering .cn domains. (via Shanghaiist):

According to the latest report published by CNNIC, users who want to apply for domain names should provide written application materials to domain name registration service providers while submitting applications online. The application materials include a domain name registration application form with official seal (original); an enterprise business license or organization code certificate (copy); and the identification of registration contact (copy).

Not sure how much it matters, there’s nothing that prevents you from going through a commercial registrar to get an international .com, .org, or .net domain.  I don’t know exactly what authorities attempt to accomplish with this ban, maybe someone who knows more about domain names can help me out.  I suppose individual countries have the right to put whatever restrictions they want on their country code domains, but letting businesses and organizations register but not individuals seems odd to me.  If I were to restrict a country code, I would restrict it to government sites.

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I’m a little late in talking about this, word is recently that the Ministry of Culture has admonished the General Administration of Press and Publications for blocking the latest expansion of World of Warcraft in China.

A little background: Fully half of WoW’s userbase is in China, about 5 million players, and has penetrated the culture enough that there is even a WoW-themed restaurant in Beijing. Earlier this year Blizzard switched it’s local operations from The9 to NetEase, causing a long server outage. Later GAPP suspended operations in China, citing "gross violations". WoW has had trouble in China before, having been required to flesh out skeletons*, change the color of blood, and even hide skulls in icons and models behind bags or boxes, and the second expansion, "Wrath of the Lich King", was initially rejected because of "a city raid** and skeleton characters". You can argue about how damaging a cartoon skeleton may or may not be on young gamer’s minds (and most of WoW really is a cartoon, nothing in the game is terribly realistic in it’s art style), but there’s always suspicions about ulterior motives, especially considering that limits have been put on overall foreign investment in gaming.

Now the Ministry of Culture has publicly accused GAPP of "overstepping it’s authority". Public feuds between government departments in China isn’t a common practice, but it’s not the first time the Internet has inspired this sort of infighting: The recent Green Dam project, which would have required all computers sold in China to come with some particularly awful and virus-prone filtering software, was openly criticised in Communist Party news outlets and was eventually abandoned mostly due to popular pressure and revelations about the actual flaws in the software.

In any case, the ban on WoW, like many internet regulations in China, isn’t too hard to skirt. It’s always been possible to connect to foreign game servers in China (I’ve done so to check mail on characters, etc. on US servers), so at times when WoW has been unavailable, many Chinese gamers moved to Taiwanese servers to play.

*A small note: I have asked several Chinese friends why skeletons are particularly targeted for censorship in China. So far I haven’t gotten any real answers. I had been wondering if there was some specific cultural reason for this, or whether it was one of those cases where the moral authorities have an odd focus on one particular thing (such as when the FCC back home allows large amounts of blood and gore to appear on television, both real [in news reports] and fake [watch some of the earlier Heroes episodes], but under no circumstances may you show female breasts or utter taboo words without editing them out.) Also, one friend noted that skeletons do appear in Chinese media — not sure where that is.

**Avid WoW players know exactly which city raid they are talking about, of course. I presume anyone else reading this doesn’t particularly care 😛

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